CARAPACE ® Job-Ready

CARAPACE is a high performance freeze protected potable water pipe constructed of virgin high-density polyethylene resins certified for potability, direct earth burial, and free air installations. Engineered as an advanced freeze protection solution, CARAPACE utilizes Heat-Line’s proven self-regulating heating cable technology for efficient and reliable performance. CARAPACE is suitable for all rural and municipal installations where new polyethylene pipe and freeze protection is required.  CARAPACE offers a cost-effective alternative to blasting and excavating where natural frost protection is not possible. The patented construction of CARAPACE provides superior thermal heat transfer and unsurpassed energy efficiency when combined with thermal insulation and a thermostat control.

Features

CARAPACE is available as a job-ready plug-in unit with GFCI protection with a 4ft. (1.2m) power lead and is factory finished to length making installation simple, fast and cost effective. The need for an electrician to provide on-site power and complex terminations is eliminated. *Other power supply options are available.

The CARAPACE job-ready freeze protection pipe system is supplied pre-assembled ready for installation. To install, simply roll out the pipe and connect using industry standard plumbing fittings. To install, simply roll out the pipe and connect using industry standard plumbing fittings such as Philmac 3G Compression fitting supplied by Heat-Line. CARAPACE is constructed using a high density NSF STD 14 approved polyethylene pipe for high strength and potability. The self-regulating heating cable is extruded directly onto the outer surface of the pipe with a thin layer of high density polythene. The extruded layer provides a protective shell to guard against mechanical injury while ensuring the conductive self-regulating heating cable remains in unyielding contact with the pipe wall. This unique construction makes CARAPACE the only product Heat-Line recommends for use with high pressure and constant pressure water supply systems.

CARAPACE employs the unique and advanced performance of self-regulating heating cable technology. CARAPACE can effectively increase heat and energy output to sections along its length which are cold and simultaneously reduce heat and energy output to sections which are warm. You never have to worry about CARAPACE overheating causing risk of melting and fire because of the self-regulating heating cable technology. Even in applications where pipes are intended to be dry for short or extended periods of time, CARAPACE will never over-heat or melt the pipe.  CARAPACE gives you the peace of mind of reliable freeze protection without the risk. It has become an essential product for home owners, farmers and engineers overseeing municipal projects to provide safe and reliable pipe freeze protection.

To further increase the energy efficiency of your CARAPACE system, it is recommended to add thermal insulation and a thermostat. The additional thermal insulation works to reduce heat loss, and the thermostat allows you to duty cycle your CARAPACE system based on external pipe temperature. Both accessories combined can increase energy efficiency by as much as 80%.  In applications where pipes will be exposed to atmospheric (free) air, closed-cell or other approved weatherproof insulation is required. Insulation will help to maintain energy efficiency and cold temperature reliability. Insulation is recommended for use in all new applications; however any pipe subjected to outside air must be completely insulated to retain the heat within the pipe.

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CARAPACE is a job-ready freeze protected, polyethylene pipe system supplied pre-assembled ready for installation. Application examples include but are not limited to:

  • Residential water supply lines (lake, river, well, building to building, municipal)
  • Constant pressure or high pressure water systems
  • Municipal residences and commercial buildings
  • Water supply and sewage delivery systems in mining and exploration camps
  • Small diameter septic pipes (such as force main)
  • Residential and commercial sewage and waste water force mains

CARAPACE can be found providing freeze protection in many of the following places:

  • Lake Homes and Cottages
  • Farm/ Agriculture
  • Commercial/ Industrial
  • Construction Sites
  • Camps and RV’s
  • Mining and Exploration Camps
  • Northern Housing Projects
  • Northern Fishing and Hunter Camps
  • Extreme Cold Climate Government Research/Naval Bases
  • And more

CARAPACE is a very versatile product, and as such it can be utilized in many specialized applications.  If you feel you have a special or unique application for CARAPACE please contact Heat-Line directly and speak with one of our knowledgeable product specialists.

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Features

  • 5 year limited warranty, 10 year extended warranty available
  • Labour savings – no need to excavate below the frost line or blast rock
  • Easily and quickly installed
  • Will never melt or burn through the water pipe, even if the pipe is dry
  • Can be fully insulated to increase energy efficiency
  • Can be used with a variety of control devices including timers and thermostats
  • Available in 5 ft. (1.5m) increments up to 100 ft. (30m), then in 10 ft. (3m) increments from 100 ft. to 660 ft. (30m – 201m), custom lengths available by request

Benefits

  • cCSAus approved (Canada and USA)
  • CSA B137.1 approved
  • cNSF approved polyethylene drinking water pipe
  • Manufactured in North America
  • Approved for direct earth burial
  • Approved for wet location
  • Unique construction provides superior heat transfer
  • Approved for constant pressure systems
  • Most reliable and energy efficient system on the market
  • CARAPACE GFC models simply plug into a 120V or 240V receptacle. No extra electrical work is required [Cord set (hard wire) connected CARAPACE models available upon request]
  • Product and components meet plumbing, electrical and mechanical requirements
  • No other product combines the features and offers the flexibility of CARAPACE by Heat-Line
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Approvals

  • cCSAus B137.1 approved (Canada and USA) LR 85446
  • cNSF 14-61 approved (Canada and USA)
  • Usage W Canada
  • Installation Type A USA

Electrical Specifications

  • Direct earth burial and wet location certified
  • 120V systems – 3 watt/ft (9w/m) at 50°F (10°C) maximum length of 240 ft. (73m)
  • 120V systems – 5 watt/ft (15w/m) at 50°F (10°C) maximum length of 240 ft. (73m)
  • 240V systems – 3 watt/ft (9w/m) at 50°F (10°C) maximum length 660 ft. (201m)
  • 240V systems – 5 watt/ft (15w/m) at 50°F (10°C) maximum length 540 ft. (165m)
  • 4 ft. (1.2 m) power supply lead with built-in 27 milliamp ground fault circuit interrupter plug-in device (GFC model only)
  • 6 ft (1.8 m), 12 - 14 AWG SJEOOW supply cord for direct hard wire connection, GFCI must be field installed, (CS model only)

Plumbing Specifications

  • Constructed of PE 4710 Resin HDPE
  • PE 4710 HDPE is 25% stronger than PE 3608
  • CARAPACE is colour coded blue as per international standard for water service pipes and tubes
  • 1 inch ID (SIDR-9) and 1.25 inch ID (SIDR-9) 200PSI NSF STD 14 polyethylene
  • 1 inch CTS (SODR-9) 250PSI NSF STD 14 polyethylene
  • CARAPACE is entirely compatible with current fitting and connectors made for HDPE water pipe and tubing including Philmac 3G Compression fittings available from Heat-Line
  • Suitable for above ground applications when properly insulated
  • Manufactured in North America
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Always measure prior to ordering. Do not assume or estimate the length required as a CARAPACE system cannot be extended.

- The CARAPACE system is an advanced water supply pipe and self-regulating heating cable system factory finished and supplied job-ready to a pre-determined length provided at time of order.

- CARAPACE systems are priced and manufactured in standard lengths of 5 ft. (1.5m) increments up to 100 ft. (30m), then in 10 ft. (3m) increments from 100 ft. to 660 ft. (30m – 201m).

- While most CARAPACE systems are manufactured in standard lengths, special lengths of any measurement can also be requested within the maximum lengths allowed for 120 and 240 volt systems. For example, if a 118ft. (36m) system was required, instead of purchasing a 120ft (36.5m) system, a special order could be placed for an exact length of 118ft (36m).

- There is no way to lengthen the CARAPACE product when on site; however with the help of a professional electrician and a Heat-Line CARPACE End Seal Kit a CARAPACE system can be shortened on-site.

- In a lake and or river installations, the CARAPACE system should start in the heated building or room and end (terminate) in the lake at a minimum total water depth that is greater than the expected depth of surface ice. In some applications the Carapace system may extend right to the foot valve or submersible pump in the lake.

- In a drilled or dug well application the CARAPACE system should start in the heated building or room and end (terminate) at the well casing.

- In certain dug well applications, depending on the casing diameter and depth, you may be able to run the length of CARAPCE directly into the well casing prior to interfacing to non-heated water pipe to extend to the foot valve and or pump.

- As in all cases, if you are unfamiliar or uncomfortable with the measuring and/or installation of a Heat-Line product please consult directly with a Heat-Line application specialist or contact a qualified local tradesperson.

- CARAPACE is a very versatile product, and as such it can be utilized in many specialized applications. If you feel you have a special or unique application for CARAPACE please contact Heat-Line directly and speak with one of our knowledgeable product specialists regarding measuring and installation.

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CARAPACE is covered by a 5 year limited warranty set forth below. A 10 year extended warranty is also available.

Warranty Application Form

During the time periods and subject to the conditions hereinafter set forth. Heat-Line will repair or replace to the original user any portion of your CARAPACE product which proves defective in materials or workmanship of Heat-Line. Contact Heat-Line or your installer for warranty service. At all times Heat-Line shall have and possess the sole right and option to determine whether to repair or replace defective equipment, parts or components.

Damage due to natural events or conditions beyond the control of Heat-Line are NOT COVERED BY THIS WARRANTY.

STANDARD WARRANTY PERIOD: 60 months from date of purchase or 63 months from date of manufacture, which ever occurs first.

EXTENDED WARRANTY PERIOD: 120 months from date of purchase or 123 months from date of manufacture, which ever occurs first.

ACCESSORIES, COMPONENTS, ELECTRONICS: Not manufactured by Heat-Line, are warranted only to the extent of original manufacturer’s warranty.

LABOUR, COSTS, ETC.: Heat-Line shall in NO EVENT be responsible or liable for the cost of field labour or other charges incurred by any customer in removing and/or reaffixing any Heat-Line product, part or component thereof.

THIS WARRANTY WILL NOT APPLY:

(a) to defects or malfunctions resulting from failure to properly install, operate or maintain the unit in accordance with printed instructions provided,

(b) to failures resulting from abuse, accident or negligence;

(c) to normal maintenance services and

(d) to parts not used in accordance with applicable local codes, ordinance and good trade practices;

(e) if the unit is moved from its original installation location or

(f) if the unit is used for purposes other than for what it was designed and manufactured,

(g) to the integral ground fault device and related electronics.

PRODUCT IMPROVEMENTS: Heat-Line reserves the right to change or improve its products or any component thereof without being obligated to provide such a change or improvement for units sold and/or shipped prior to such change or improvement.

WARRANTY EXCLUSIONS: As to any Heat-Line product after the expiration of the time period of the warranty applicable thereto as set forth above. There will be no warranties including any implied warranties of merchantability or fitness for any particular purpose. No warranties or representations at any time made by any representative of Heat-Line, shall vary or expand the provisions hereof.

LIABILITY LIMITATION: In no event shall Heat-Line be liable or responsible for consequential, incidental or special damages resulting from or related in any manner to any Heat-Line product or parts thereof. In the absence of suitable proof of the purchase date, the effective date of this warranty will be based upon the date of manufacture plus 90 days.

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PRICING

CARAPACE systems are priced in 5 ft. (1.5m) increments up to 100 ft. (30m), then in 10 ft. (3m) increments from 100 ft. to 660 ft. (30m – 201m). Note the longest available length on a 120V circuit is 240 ft. (73m) and on a 240V circuit is 660 ft. (201m).

Custom lengths can be provided by special request.

AVAILABILITY

As a manufacturer of advance freeze protection systems Heat-Line does our very best to provide customers with products in a timely fashion.

CARAPACE systems are considered a non-stock item and are built to order. Manufacturing lead time can vary depending on time of year, volume and product requested. Normal production time is 2-3 days however longer times should be expected through the months of September to February.

Even for commonly stocked product lengths we recommend contacting Heat-Line for current availability and specific lead times as inventory can change on a regular basis.

SHIPPING

All products are shipped FOB (Freight On Board) from Heat-Line – Algonquin Highlands- Central Ontario CANADA
Heat-Line sources the best service and rates to ship your package. Couriers most commonly used are Purolator and LTL skid. We negotiate great deals with our freight carriers and we do not add handling charges.

PART NUMBERS

CARAPACE Accessories

HLJ-STAT NEMA 1 General Purpose 120V only plug-in Thermostat
HLA-120
Ordinary dry location, general purpose 120 V, 15 amp plug-in thermostat
GF-STAT NEMA 4X Ground Fault Protected Thermostat 120V /240V 30amp
HTLN-CESS CARAPCE End Seal Termination Kit
HTLN-CKIT CARAPACE Power and End Seal Termination Kit
MA-10 GFCI/ELCI Electrical Equipment Protection Device
INSUL-1.00 Closed cell polyethylene insulation sleeve for 1.00" ID pipe (6’ long, 1 5/8” ID, ¾” thick wall)
INSUL-1.25 Closed cell polyethylene insulation sleeve for 1.25" ID pipe (6’ long, 1 7/8” ID, ¾” thick wall)
INSUL-2.00 Closed cell polyethylene insulation sleeve for 2.00" ID pipe (6’ long, 2 5/8” ID, ¾” thick wall)
PHILMAC FITTINGS Philmac 3G Compression Fittings
WARRANTY Extended 10 year limited product warranty
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Click here to request a quote.

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CARAPACE is supplied job-ready for installation. Heat-Line also supplies additional accessories depending on your application requirements.

Included in a CARAPACE job-ready system:

  • Factory finished, HDPE polyethylene water supply pipe and self-regulating heating cable set
  • 27 milliamp GFCI (ground fault circuit interrupter) electrical plug in device with 4 ft. (1.2 m) power lead. (Hardwire version and longer power leads available through special request)
  • 5 year limited warranty
  • Clear, concise installation and support documentation

Additional Accessories:

HLA-120
Ordinary dry location, general purpose 120 V, 15 amp plug-in thermostat
GF-STAT NEMA 4X Ground Fault Protected Thermostat 120V /240V 30amp
HTLN-CESS CARAPCE End Seal Termination Kit
HTLN-CKIT CARAPACE Power and End Seal Termination Kit
MA-10 GFCI/ELCI Electrical Equipment Protection Device
INSUL-1.00 Closed cell polyethylene insulation sleeve for 1.00" ID pipe (6’ long, 1 5/8” ID, ¾” thick wall)
INSUL-1.25 Closed cell polyethylene insulation sleeve for 1.25" ID pipe (6’ long, 1 7/8” ID, ¾” thick wall)
INSUL-2.00 Closed cell polyethylene insulation sleeve for 2.00" ID pipe (6’ long, 2 5/8” ID, ¾” thick wall)
PHILMAC FITTINGS Philmac 3G Compression Fittings
WARRANTY Extended 10 year limited product warranty

THERMOSTATS

Thermostats are not required to operate the CARAPACE system as they are self-regulating and cannot over heat. A thermostat however can be added to duty cycle the heating cable in an on/off operation saving power consumption.

INSULATION

Insulation is recommended for all new pipe installations, even where the pipe is to be buried. For existing pipe applications, insulation is only required where the pipe is exposed to ambient outdoor temperatures, and/or where the pipe is above the ground. Insulation aids in heat retention making the heating cable more energy efficient and providing cold weather reliability.

Click here for thermostats.

TIMERS

Similar to thermostats, timers are not required to operate the CARAPACE system as they are assembled with Heat-Line’s advanced self-regulating heating cables. A timer however can be added to increase your energy efficiency as the system will duty cycle based on the preset inputs.

Click here for insulation.

MILLIAMP GFCI Device

According to the Canadian and National Electrical Codes all heating cable systems are required to be protected by a GFCI device for safe operation. All GFC model heating cable systems manufactured by Heat-Line are supplied with a 27 milliamp GFCI. In applications where a hard-wired or CS model CARAPACE is required, GFCI protection must be supplied and installed by the installing professional. For hard-wired or CS model installations Heat-Line offers the MilliAmp GFCI device, which is an external enclosure complete with a Class A certified GFCI for both 120 volt and 240 volt applications.

Click here for GFCIs.

PHILMAC FITTINGS

The Philmac 3G Compression fittings line-up is the next generation of water line compression fittings and offers the most advanced and interchangeable solutions available on the market today. Heat-Line is pleased to offer a wide range of Philmac’s 3G Compression style fittings that will provide multiple options of adapting to and connecting to the Carapace product.

Click here for Philmac Fittings.

WARRANTY

Extended 10 year limited product warranty, see warranty tab for additional information.

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Q - Can CARAPACE be buried?                        

A – Yes. The CARAPACE system is certified for direct burial and wet locations making the heating cable and proprietary end-seal termination completely safe to burry.          

Q – Do I need to purchase a CARAPACE Power Connection and End Seal Termination Kit with cut-to-length CARAPACE?

A – Yes. The CARAPACE system requires a single power connection and end seal termination kit to complete an entire system length. Only Heat-Line CARAPACE Power Connection and End Seal Termination kits are approved for installation with CARAPACE system. Using any other power connection and end seal kit will result in the cCSAus certification to be void, and any warranties on behalf of Heat-Line will be declined.

Q - Does CARAPACE come with a thermostat?

A – No. A thermostat is not included with the CARAPACE system as they are not required for proper and safe operation; however a thermostat can be purchased as an additional accessory. Depending on system applications, or where automatic operation is preferred, a thermostat can be used to switch the system on and off to help conserve power or to duty cycle the system. When combined with insulation thermostats can substantially increase energy efficiency.

Q - Can I (the homeowner) install cut-to-length CARAPACE?

A – No. The CARAPACE cut-to-length product is a professional use only product. As the CARAPACE cut-to-length product is not factory terminated, a licensed electrician must perform the power and end seal terminations.  CARAPACE is available as a job-ready, factory terminated system. See CARAPACE job-ready.

Q - Does the unit shut off when not required?    

A – No. CARAPACE self-regulating heating cable systems increase heat output with cold but more importantly, decrease heat output with warmth. As a result, Heat-Line brand products are very energy efficient to operate, but do not completely shut off as they can only idle their output to a minimum amount. To completely shut off the system it must be unplugged or installed with a thermostat. Heat-Line brand systems should be unplugged or shut off when not required (summer months) and tested each year before use.                                                                                                   

Q - Does a 240-volt system use less power than a 120-volt system?                                           

A - A common misconception is that a 240V electrical appliance consumes less energy than a 120V electrical appliance. Power consumption is measured in watts, not voltage. Whether you are consuming 500W at 120V or 500W at 240V you are still consuming 500W of energy.                                                                       

Q - How much power does a CARAPACE system consume?                                                      

A - All Heat-Line brand systems including CARAPACE employ Heat-Line’s advanced self-regulating heating cable technology which operates to deliver energy and heat output to areas of the pipe that are cold and reduces energy and heat output to areas which are warm. While the overall amount of energy consumed depends on multiple factors you can be assured that you are installing the most energy efficient heating cable system available. If you would like to reduce your energy consumption further you can investigate the addition of a thermostat, timer, and or other control device. Also see CARAPACE Energy Study for further information.

Q- Is there a maximum length of CARAPACE heating cable systems?

A – Yes. The maximum circuit length of CARAPACE that is allowed on a 120V circuit is 240ft. (73m), or 660ft. (201m) on a 240V circuit.  

Q – My CARAPACE system is too short; can I add a small section onto the end? If not, what can be done?

A – No. The CARAPACE system is an advance self-regulating heating cable system that incorporates a fluoropolymer heating cable jacket engineered to be certified for direct burial and wet locations. As such the CARAPACE system cannot be spliced together in the field. If a greater length of CARAPACE is required you may purchase a single continuous product of the proper length, and or relocate a second power source and install an additional CARAPACE system to complete the required freeze protection.

Q- What type of insulation should I use with the CARAPACE system?

A – Heat-Line recommends to use insulation that is best suited to the environment in which it is going to be installed. A common type of insulation employed with CARAPACE heating cables is water proof pipe foam insulation sleeves. You are also able to implement fiberglass insulation provided it is properly weatherproofed based on the environment.

Q – Where do I purchase the CARAPACE heating cable system?

A – The CARAPACE heating cable system manufactured by Heat-Line is available directly through Heat-Line and or any of our Heat-Line product distributors. For a list of Heat-Line product distributors in Canada and the United States please contact Heat-Line directly on our toll free number at (800)854-4944.

Q – Do I have to use insulation with the CARAPACE system?

A – Insulation is highly recommended when using the CARAPACE system, especially if the installation is above ground in ambient outdoor air. Insulation helps reduce the overall heat loss and therefore reduce the amount of energy the CARAPACE heating cable must consume.

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